Philippine’s Grandest Aliwan Fiesta @ Sweet 16

The Grandest Parade and Competition of all fiestas in the Philippines – Aliwan Fiesta turns 16 in 2018.

The Aliwan Fiesta tradition started in 2003 and it’s been consistent of  showcasing the fiestas of different provinces and witness them all in one BIG Fiesta event in Quirino Grandstand,  Manila and CCP Complex, Pasay. Contingents from different places in the country compete in three categories: Reyna ng Aliwan beauty pageant, Float Parade and Street Dance competition.

I remember the first time I took video footages of Aliwan Fiesta was in 2008 using my analog moibile phone camera, that’s why videos during that time had very poor qualities but regardless of this, it is always a treasure to document the historical event of Philippine culture, watching all the fiestas performances in an annual big occasion.

The following Aliwan videos have been shot using analog mobile phone cameras, compact digital cameras and the latest using smart phone digital cameras. You can see the progression or improvement of qualities.

 

The Aliwan Fiesta journey continues and I’m always excited to see the performance of all the contingents. Every performance is a masterpiece because every culture is treasured . See you all next year and in the succeeding years after.

Check out Aliwan website: http://www.aliwanfiesta.com.ph/aliwan2.5/

IT Talk: The RS 5-Layer Computer Network Model

This was submitted to Google’s On-Line Course on IT Support Specialist (The Bits and Bytes of Computer Networking) Peer-Grade of 100%)

Let’s take a look what happens at the 5-Layer Network with two networks connected to the same router establishing a TCP connection. In this 5-Layer Network model, the description includes the detailed explanation of the physical layer, data link layer, network layer, transport layer, MAC address, IP address, TCP port, checksum check, routing table and TTL or Time To Live.

I have two networks – Network R and Network S. Network R has the address space of 9.168.130.0/24 while Network S has an address space of 124.119.132.0/24. Network R and Network S are both connected to the same Router T with an interface configured with an IP of 9.168.130.1 on Network R, and an interface at 124.119.132.254 on Network S.

Now, I am connecting a desktop I labelled Computer 1 in my office as the client and part of Network R with an IP address of 9.168.130.100 and another computer on Network S as a server in the IT Department referred to as Computer 2 with an assigned IP address of 124.119.132.100 with a web server listening on Port 80.

Sitting in my office and I need some data from the IT department in another location (node/network) using my PC as Computer 1 as an end user. This is the fastest way to get data using the computer network. I opened a browser and typed in 124.119.132.100 into the address bar. The web browser communicates with the local networking stack, part of the operating system responsible for handling networking functions.

In this process, the web browser is trying to establish a TCP connection to 124.119.132.100 at Port 80. As expected the networking stack will examine its own subnet. It sees that it lives on the Network R with address 9.168.130.0/24 which means that the destination 124.119.132.100 is on another Network S.

Then my PC identified as Computer 1 knows that it has to send data to its gateway configured as 9.168.130.1 for routing to a remote network. After this, Computer 1 will look at its ARP table to determine what MAC address of 9.168.130.1 is, but it doesn’t find any corresponding entry. It’s about time that Computer 1 crafts an ARP request for an IP address 9.168.130.1, which it sends to the hardware broadcast address of all Fs (FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF).

Eventually, this ARP discovery request is sent to every node on the local network, and when Router T receives the ARP message from Computer 1 with assigned IP address 9.168.130.1, it immediately responds to let Computer 1 knows about its own MAC address 00:11:22:33:44:55. Upon receiving this response and knowing its hardware address of its gateway and it’s now ready to start constructing the outbound packet.

My Personal PC which is Computer 1 has been asked by the web browser to form an outbound TCP connection, and outbound TCP port is needed. This the role of the operating system, identifying the ephemeral port of 50000 as available, then opens a socket connecting the browser to the port. The networking stack knows this as TCP connection already before it can actually transmits any of the data being asked by the web browser, and the connection must be established first.

Then after this, the networking stack starts to build a TCP segment, fills in all the appropriate fields in the header which includes a source port of 50000 and the destination port of 80, then a sequence number is chosen and is used to fill in the sequence number field.

Now, it is expected that the SYN flag is set, checksum for the segment is calculated and written to the checksum field. The TCP segment will pass along the IP layer of the networking stack, then constructing an IP header, the header is filled in with the source IP, the destination IP and TTL of 64. The TCP segment is inserted as the data payload for the IP datagram, then the checksum is being calculated and the constructed IP datagram needs to get to Computer 1’s gateway which has a MAC address of 00:11:22:33:44:55 and an Ethernet Datagram is constructed.

Then all fields must be filled with the appropriate data, most notably, the source and destination MAC addresses and finally the IP datagram is now inserted as the data payload of the Etherenet frame, and another Checksum is being calculated. Now we have an entire Ethernet frame ready to be sent across the physical layer.

Next, the network interface connected to Computer 1 sends the binary data as modulations of the voltage of an electrical current running across a CAT6 cable, which connects my PC and a network switch, that receives the frame and inspects the destination MAC address.

The network switch knows which its interfaces this MAC address is attached to, and forwards the frame across only the cable connected to this interface. The Router T can receive the frame and recognizes its own hardware address as the destination of the frame being sent.

Now, Router T takes the whole Ethernet frame encapsulation and calculates a checksum, comparing this with the checksum in the Ethernet frame header and if it matches, this means that all the data is CORRECT. Then it inspects the destination IP address and performs a lookup of this destination in the routing table.

After this, when Router T sees that every detail of the data is in order, then it’s ready to be sent to the Network S 124.119.132.0/24 with the destination address of Computer 2 124.119.132.100 on a locally connected network, then decrements the TTL by 1, then it calculates a new checksum, and creates a new IP datagram, then encapsulated by an Ethernet frame.

Then. the Ethernet frame is being sent out onto Network S and a switch ensures it gets sent out of the interface that Computer 2 is connected to. Computer 2 with IP address 124.119.132.100 immediately receives the Ethernet frame, identifies its own MAC address as the destination, and knows it’s intended for itself, then strips away the Ethernet frame, leaving it with the IP datagram, performs a CRC and recognizes that the date has been delivered intact.

After which, Computer 2 examines the destination IP address and recognizes that as its own, strips away the IP datagram, leaving it with the TCP segment and again, the checksum for this layer is examined, and everything checks out. Then Computer 2 examines the destination port 80 and the networking stack in computer 2 checks to ensure that there’s an open socket on port 80 which is in the listen state and held again by a web browser.

Upon seeing that this packet has the SYN flag set, Computer 2 examines the sequence number and stores it, since it will need to put that sequence number in the acknowledgment field once it crafts the response. After all of this, then it must get a single TCP segment containing a SYN flag from Computer 1 to Computer 2 then send the latter send back a SYN-ACK response to Computer 1 then after the same procedure has been completed, it will send back to Computer 2 an ACK flag.

This is I think a very detailed process of computer networking with my personal Computer 1 on Network R and Computer 2 on Network S on the other end connected to one Router T.

#Throwback: Misteryo sa DZRH Radio Program (Twelve Years Ago)

Twelve years ago, people have heard discussions about Metaphysics over DZRH.

The Original Misteryo was broadcasted via DZRH Radio, DZRH Television and DZRH Live Video/Audio streaming at 4:30-5:30 pm, Saturdays. It was hosted by Rey T. Sibayan,,founder of the defunct Misteryo Philippines Network MPN Group. Misteryo program started it’s radio broadcast on April 22, 2006 until 2011. Most discussed metaphysical topic on Ghosts Hauntings, UFO Sightings, Alien Encounters, Spirituality, Paranormal and Psychic Phenomena events.

It is a reminder to everyone that we always experience the metaphysics in our everyday lives, maybe we cannot normally see these experiences because they exist on alternate realities where psychic senses can only detect them.

Metaphysical experiences are not just ordinary events in our lives because they have something to do with our daily lives like how we deal with our problems, how to learn the lessons of life and eventually could lead all of us to the evolution of our existence on this realm and beyond this life. Just be sensitive and aware of subtle messages thru experiences.

Teaching Kids to Shoot Guns Responsibly for Defense and Sports

Teaching kids how to handle and shoot guns properly and responsibly is my highest recommendation to all. In fact, I strongly suggest that every member of a family should learn the proper handling and shooting guns for home defense, self-protection and SPORTS!

I know there are people out there who are against using guns for protection or home defense and they disagree on any suggestion that we should teach kids how to shoot guns, because it’s dangerous and guns could be misused to commit crimes.

But we should realize the fact that people can commit crimes with or without guns, because it is the intent of a criminal to kill people. “Guns don’t kill people, but those people mishandling and misusing guns do!”

Well, it is not my intention to convince everyone to support my pro-gun stance but I assure everyone my full respect if you are against using guns because we are living in a free world and we are entitled to our own opinions.

Now if you agree with me, thank you and I strongly recommend that we have to teach the kids the proper way of using guns to save lives and for shooting sports.

Watch the FULL Video of Kids shooting pistols for the first time and easily hitting the ‘bull’s eye’ or alpha targets.

 

Philippine (PPSA) Media Shooters Join Icarus IV Cup

ICARUS IV! One of the highlights of practical shooting events in the Philippines in 2018. This is the first time, the Philippine Media Shooters (PPSA Media Bureau) Team, joined an international shooting event, the Icarus IV Shooting Competition, PPSA Sanctioned Level 3 Match with 18 stages at Magnus Front Sight Shooting Ranges, Lipa City, Batangas.

It was a 5-day shooting event among professional and competitive shooters and it was a great privileged we had 2-days to participate in the shooting competition.

The following are the PPSA Media Shooters who joined the Icarus IV International Shooting Event in respective shooting divisions:

Standard Division: Raoul Esperas (DWIZ), Angelo Almonte (DZRJ), Dindo Amparo (ABS-CBN), Rey Sibayan (DZRH)

Production Division: Eric Dastas (DZMM), Angel Movido (ABS-CBN), Dominic Luigi Natividad (News 5), Ermelino Toto Parina (ABS-CBN) and Oliver Joya (ABS-CBN).

Special thanks to our sponsors Philippine Practical Shooting Association (PPSA) headed by Mr. Edwin Lim and Mr. Joseph Li of Icarus Shirts.

Watch the adrenaline rush of shooting action in the competition.

 

 

The Buddha’s ‘No Self’ Doctrine

Sharing my thoughts and some facts of the ‘No Self Doctrine’ of Buddhism. You are free to comment or share your insights on this subject. This is my essay submission to the course on Buddhism and Modern Psychology by Professor Robert Wright at Princeton University.

Self, Selfless Or No Self?

It looks like the Buddha’s doctrine of no self is a very controversial subject as it contradicts with the Hindus doctrine on the existence of self. This can be read on the Wikipedia’s explanation of “Anattā and Atman” doctrines: The No Self Doctrine

“Anatta is a central doctrine of Buddhism, and marks one of the major differences between Buddhism and Hinduism. Buddhists do not believe that at the core of all human beings and living creatures, there is any “eternal, essential and absolute something called a soul, self or atman”.[5][6][123] Buddhism, from its earliest days, has denied the existence of the “self, soul” in its core philosophical and ontological texts. In its soteriological themes, Buddhism has defined nirvana as that blissful state when a person, amongst other things, realizes that he or she has “no self, no soul”.

To be honest, I just learned this controversy upon listening and watching the lectures on this course and I want to thank you Professor Robert Wright for sharing your insight and detailed explanation on this subject of the Buddha’s discourse of no self.

As a learner in this course, I am open to the ‘‘no self’ doctrine as I as also agree on the opposite side that there is ‘self’ argument.

In my opinion, both sides of the argument have truths in them because the interpretation of the Buddha’s doctrines depends on the tradition, culture and religious practices of any group – including Buddhist practitioners. In Thailand, Buddhist groups have opposing interpration of Nirvana as true self, while others say Nirvana is the non self. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anatta

“In Thai Theravada Buddhism, for example, states Paul Williams, some modern era Buddhist scholars have claimed that “nirvana is indeed the true Self”, while other Thai Buddhists disagree.[76] The Dhammakaya Movement in Thailand teaches that it is erroneous to subsume nirvana under the rubric of anatta (non-self); instead, nirvana is taught to be the “true self” or dhammakaya.[77] The Dhammakaya Movement teaching that nirvana is atta in 1999, has been criticized as heretical in Buddhism by Ven. Payutto, a well-known scholar monk, who added that ‘Buddha taught nibbana as being non-self”.[78] Luang Por Sermchai of Wat Luang Por Sodh Dhammakayaram argues that it tends to be scholars who hold the view of absolute non-self, rather than Buddhist meditation practitioners. He points to the experiences of prominent forest hermit monks to support the notion of a “true self”.[79] Similar interpretations on the “true self” have been put forth by the then Thai Sangharaja in 1939. According to Williams, the Sangharaja’s interpretation echoes the tathāgatagarbha sutras.[80]

I can compare these opposing interpetrations of Buddha’s discourse of no self with the unending debate of Catholics and Christians in the interpretations of the Holy Bible. This arguments will not end because I always believe interpretations are based on the interest and consciousness of any group. I rather recommend influential teacher Ajahn Chah’s statement that “we shouldn’t try to intellectualize about this no self thing,…quit talking about it and just sit down and do it.”

But I like the American Buddhist monk, Bhikkhu Bodhi’s explanation on Buddha’s teaching of non-self, saying “that the Buddha uses different modes of discourse depending on the context. And so when he is speaking within what I would call a contemplative text, within the context of inside contemplation or within the context of the aspiration for liberation, then he takes us at the primary obstacle to the attainment of liberation, is the grasping or clinging to the mental and physical components of our being as a self…the Buddha teaches not that there is no self, but that all of the objects of clinging are not self”

The way I look at it based on monk Bhikkhu Bodhi’s explanation, the Buddha wants us to be aware of our decisions and actions in our daily lives, that we should observe being no self when dealing with everything in this world, to just let go of any issues we are facing and practice being selfless in order to achieve Nirvana.

Please feel free to share your thoughts about this topic. Thank you. Namaste!

PPSA Media Shooters in First Practical Shooting of 2018

Rare chance to be with fellow media shooters in Practical Shooting event.

We made it last January 14, 2018 at Camp Karingal Shooting Range in QCPD Headquarters.

Present during the Practical Shooting event were Gerry Baja, Angelo Almonte, Dindo Amparo, Dan Mariano, Carlo Castillo, Eric Dastas, Carlo Mateo, Raoul Esperas and God Father Marlo Albano.

During the event, we’ve officially forged to join the Icarus IV Qualifier Match on March 14-18, at Magnus Frontsight Shooting Ranges, Lipa City, Batangas.

Thank you for the tireless unconditional support Philippine Practical Shooting Association (PPSA) and Icarus Shirts.

Watch the PPSA Media Shooters in Action:

Practical Shooting for Philippine Media Practitioners (Recommended)

Practical shooting is for all, but you need to invest your time and money for this sports. You need first your pistol at any caliber you like and can afford plus the ammunition both for target practice and main shooting events.

I strongly recommend acquiring any of these calibers (9MM, Cal. 40, 45ACP) and whatever brand you like most Glock, Armscor, Rock Island Armory, CZ, Jericho, XDs/XDm (I usually see these pistol brands in practicalk shooting events.)

Unlike the Pros (Competitive Shooters) who regularly visit the range for shooting practice, Most media shooters (like me) can only practice if there’s availability of ammunitions and most of the time, we just do some dry fire exercises before joining any official shooting event.

Come what may, I always invite every media practitioner to engage in practical shooting for sports and self-defense (protection).

Take note the surveys and researches being conducted that mediamen in the Philippines are always at risk in the performance of journalism profession.

You can join the PPSA Media Bureau under the supervision and all-out support of Philippine Practical Shooting Association (PPSA) kudos to Mr. Jack Enrile, Mr. Rommel Cabungcal, Ms. Jingky Olisco and Mr. Joseph Li of Icarus Shirts.

PPSA Media Bureau is headed by top media shooter and manager Raoul Esperas and other members/officers: Orly Trinidad, Angelo Almonte, Toto Parina, Carlo Mateo, Walter Bollozos, Ferdie Pajarillo, Dindo Amparo, Raymund Dadpaas, Gerry Baja, Jojo Sadiwa, Gil Bugaoisan and me.

Watch!!! Philippine Media Shooters in ACTION!!!

1st FPJ Cup Level 2 PPSA Sanctioned Match

This Level 2 PPSA Sanctioned Match has many plates to hit. I really enjoyed this historic 1st FPJ Cup 2017 organized by Actors Guild of the Philippines (Kapisanan ng mga Artista sa Pelikula at Telebisyon KAAPT) to raise funds for the welfare of people in the Philippine movie industry.

This is a special tribute to ‘Da King’ of Philippine movies, Fernando Poe Jr., who served as the President of the guild from 1984-1987.

I have to prepare more than 200 rounds of ammunition to complete the 7 stages of the competition under Media category with my Glock 22 caliber .40 pistol.

This shooting event is participated by the journo members of the PPSA Media Bureau, to promote sports shooting among media practitioners in the Philippines not only for defense against any threat but primarily to be physically active and maintain a good health.

Luckily, I got the 1st Runner-up Award competing fellow media Shooters in the Standard Division.

Thank you sir Jack Enrile, Mr. Rommel Cabungcal and Jingky Olisco of Philippine Practical Shooting Association (PPSA) for the waived registration fee of media shooters and Mr. Joseph Li of Icarus shirts.

Practice Shoot at Eastridge Firing Range, Rizal

November 26,2017 This is a first time practice shoot at Eastridge Firinng Range in Binangonan, Rizal.

Outdoor shooting is still the best compared to indoor to avoid too much inhalation of gun powder smokes, reduced exposure from gun loud noise and honestly, I love greens – forest and vegetation.

Definitely, I`ll visit again Eastridge firing range for future shooting events.

Thank you for the invitation, shooting brod Raoul Esperas, Marikina Valley East Ridge Shooters and Rizal Gun Clubs. Maraming salamat din sa patuloy na suporta Philippine Practical Shooting Association (PPSA), Rommel Cabungcal, Jack Enrile Jingky Olisco and Joseph Li of Icarus Shirts.